Erebidae : Arctiinae
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Photo © Peter Gray,  St Margarets, Twickenham, Middlesex (12/08/21)

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Garden Tiger
Arctia caja

(Linnaeus, 1758) 2057 / 72.026

General comments:
Widespread but extremely local resident.

Seriously declined in distributional range from the end of the 1980s. A numerical decline occurred in parallel (approx 1991 to 2013): The figures below show the number of records (not moth numbers) in the database for the year shown. A slight recovery in numbers is detected post-2000, but this does not seem to go hand in hand with a return to former sites, the vast majority of which remain vacant.

The cause of the decline has been shown to be a consequence of climate change. In simple terms, the Garden Tiger has been lost from areas where January is warmer than February. Thus, it is still found 'up north' and in coastal districts, but has all but vanished from central southern England and south-east inland areas. Occasional arrivals of the moth at light traps are to be expected, as microclimate features will vary, but the overall trend is downwards.

2022 5
2021 8
2020 6
2019 3
2018 10
2017 2
2016 7
2015 0
2014 16
2013 4
2012 5
2011 2
2010 3
2009 1
2008 1
2007 4
2006 4
2005 6
2004 5
2003 2
2002 3
2001 5
2000 3
1999 0
1998 1
1997 1
1996 0
1995 2
1994 2
1993 8
1992 9
1991 6
1990 18
1989 6
1988 1
1987 5
1986 11
1985 9
1984 18
1983 18
1982 14

Recorded in 32 (78%) of 41 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1887.
Last Recorded in 2023.
Additional Stats

< Wood Tiger  |  Cream-spot Tiger >

List Species Records   [Show All Latest]
Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
31/07/2023120TL42 - Bishop's Stortford (N)
07/08/2022121TQ08 - Uxbridge
03/08/2022121TQ08 - Uxbridge
28/07/2022321TQ09 - Watford / Rickmansworth
20/07/2022120TL10 - St Albans
Show Details | 1990 to 2023 | 2000 to 2023 | Graph Key
Express Record Garden Tiger
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VC20 VC21 VC21 VC20
Click Map for Details
Forewing: 28-37mm.
Flight: One generation July-Aug.
Foodplant:   Herbaceous plants Nettle, docks, burdocks etc
Red List: Near Threatened (NT)
GB Status: Common
BAP Status: Declining (Research only)
Verification Grade:  Adult: 1
 Immature Adult   [Show Flight Weeks]
© hertsmiddxmoths.uk 2024 NOLA®; Database using MapMate® Digital Maps © Bartholomew 2010. Design © Jim Wheeler 2024
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