Noctuidae : Oncocnemidinae
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Photo © David Hunt,  Harpenden, Hertfordshire (22/07/22)

Immature stages

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Similar Herts & Middlesex Species: None
Toadflax Brocade
Calophasia lunula

(Hufnagel, 1766) 2223 / 73.059

General comments:
Widespread and common resident.

The phenomenal spread of this formerly extremely rare species across the south-east of England, from a starting point on the shingle beaches of Kent and Sussex, remains poorly documented. Our data show a clear south to north spread across Middlesex in the period from 2000 to 2006 and then up into Hertfordshire from 2006 onwards with most of North Hertfordshire conquered by 2010. The direction is at odds with that demonstrated by other recent colonists such as Euplagia quadripunctaria, Craniophora ligustri and Cryphia algae. During 2015, I found fully grown larvae on Purple Toadflax Linaria purpurea plants growing on the living roof of my house extension in Bishop's Stortford in the east, but the more expected native Yellow Toadflax Linaria vulgaris is also used by the larvae.

Recorded in 34 (83%) of 41 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1986.
Last Recorded in 2024.
Additional Stats

< Mullein | Copper Underwing >

List Species Records   [Show All Latest]
Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
21/06/2024121TQ28 - Hendon / Hampstead / Camden
21/06/2024120TL22 - Stevenage
29/09/2023220TL34 - Royston (S)
12/09/2023120TL34 - Royston (S)
02/09/2023120TL21 - Welwyn Garden City
Show Details | 1990 to 2023 | 2000 to 2023 | Graph Key
Express Record Toadflax Brocade
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Copyright © Lepidoptera UK 2024

VC20 VC21 VC21 VC20
Click Map for Details
Forewing: 14-15mm.
Flight: Two generations May-Sept.
Foodplant:   Purple Toadflax and Common Toadflax
Red List: Least Concern (LC)
GB Status: Common
Former Status: Red Data Book
Verification Grade:  Adult: 2
 Immature Adult   [Show Flight Weeks]
© 2024 NOLA®; Database using MapMate® Digital Maps © Bartholomew 2010. Design © Jim Wheeler 2024
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